longganisa

Filipino longganisa is a variation of the Spanish longaniza, which is a kind of chorizo sausage originating from Spain. Different countries have their own versions, with the main ones found in Mexico, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Chile, and the Philippines. These are also similar to the Portuguese linguiça. Spanish longaniza is longer than the typical chorizo and is spiced differently as well, using paprika and nutmeg. On the other hand, Mexican longaniza is much spicier. In Chile, it is eaten at barbecues. In contrast, the Filipino longganisa is a classic breakfast treat. Longganisa are typically cured pork sausages but can also made with chicken, beef or even tuna in some regions.

Longganisa varies from region to region, but there are two main varieties. One is the de recado, which is garlicky, sour and/or salty, and is found mainly on the island of Luzon. The other is hamonado, which is known for its sweetness, and is usually made in Pampanga. Various cities within regions tend to have their own native spices and ingredients for making longganisa with slight variations in recipes to give unique tastes throughout the country. Lucban in Southern Luzon has the most popular variety spiced with oregano, paprika, and garlic in de recado style with big chunks of fat mixed in with the pork meat.

While different regions have their own methods of making longganisa, some of the basic ingredients include garlic, black pepper, salt, vinegar, and sugar (typically sugarcane) for sweet varieties. Salt peter (potassium nitrate) is added for cured longganisa, but this can be switched out for food coloring if desired in homemade recipes. Pork meat and pork fat is ground and mixed with ingredients and stuffed into pork intestinal casing or can be wrapped in wax paper for skin-less varieties as well.

Typically, longganisa is a breakfast sausage enjoyed with garlic fried rice and runny eggs, but it can also be incorporated into many other recipes, especially the Filipino-style paella. To learn how to make a traditional longganisa breakfast, visit this page, or learn how to make Filipino spaghetti with longganisa or sisig with longganisa.

While most sausages have their own names depending on country, region, spices and ingredients, it is interesting to note that longganisa is one sausage that is known by the same name throughout the Philippines even though each city and region has its own version. This is such a well loved snack, that countless homemade longganisa recipes are found online for homesick Filipinos searching for a taste of the Philippines.

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